(See also Standard 8.12b, Publication Credit.). (See also Standards 3.04, Avoiding Harm, and 3.07, Third-Party Requests for Services.). (See also Standard 5.01a, Avoidance of False or Deceptive Statements.). American Psychologist, 57, 1060-1073. (d) If limitations to services can be anticipated because of limitations in financing, this is discussed with the recipient of services as early as is feasible. 7.04 Student Disclosure of Personal Information ), 6.02 Maintenance, Dissemination, and Disposal of Confidential Records of Professional and Scientific Work This Ethics Code provides a common set of principles and standards upon which psychologists build their professional and scientific work. (a) Psychologists administer, adapt, score, interpret, or use assessment techniques, interviews, tests, or instruments in a manner and for purposes that are appropriate in light of the research on or evidence of the usefulness and proper application of the techniques. This information must be made readily available to all interested parties. American Psychologist, 45, 390-395. American Psychological Association. (b) Psychologists do not make false, deceptive, or fraudulent statements concerning (1) their training, experience, or competence; (2) their academic degrees; (3) their credentials; (4) their institutional or association affiliations; (5) their services; (6) the scientific or clinical basis for, or results or degree of success of, their services; (7) their fees; or (8) their publications or research findings. In their reports to payors for services or sources of research funding, psychologists take reasonable steps to ensure the accurate reporting of the nature of the service provided or research conducted, the fees, charges, or payments, and where applicable, the identity of the provider, the findings, and the diagnosis. When such validity or reliability has not been established, psychologists describe the strengths and limitations of test results and interpretation. (c) Psychologists planning to provide services, teach, or conduct research involving populations, areas, techniques, or technologies new to them undertake relevant education, training, supervised experience, consultation, or study. The services are discontinued as soon as the emergency has ended or appropriate services are available. It consists of an Introduction, a Preamble, six General … The modifiers used in some of the standards of this Ethics Code (e.g., reasonably, appropriate, potentially) are included in the standards when they would (1) allow professional judgment on the part of psychologists, (2) eliminate injustice or inequality that would occur without the modifier, (3) ensure applicability across the broad range of activities conducted by psychologists, or (4) guard against a set of rigid rules that might be quickly outdated. Areas covered include but are not limited to the clinical, counseling, and school practice of psychology; research; teaching; supervision of trainees; public service; policy development; social intervention; development of assessment instruments; conducting assessments; educational counseling; organizational consulting; forensic activities; program design and evaluation; and administration. (d) Psychologists appropriately document written or oral consent, permission, and assent. Principle D: Justice 1.07 Improper Complaints 10.05 Sexual Intimacies with Current Therapy Clients/Patients Psychologists do not accept as therapy clients/patients persons with whom they have engaged in sexual intimacies. (c) A paid advertisement relating to psychologists' activities must be identified or clearly recognizable as such. Psychologists do not file or encourage the filing of ethics complaints that are made with reckless disregard for or willful ignorance of facts that would disprove the allegation. The standards in this Ethics Code will be used to adjudicate complaints brought concerning alleged conduct occurring on or after the effective date. 105 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<9005BD8F96594E5EA6EC3DC90B14EEAC>]/Index[87 31]/Info 86 0 R/Length 90/Prev 227906/Root 88 0 R/Size 118/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream (b) If psychologists discover significant errors in their published data, they take reasonable steps to correct such errors in a correction, retraction, erratum, or other appropriate publication means. If psychologists’ ethical responsibilities conflict with law, regulations, or other governing legal authority, psychologists clarify the nature of the conflict, make known their commitment to the Ethics Code, and take reasonable steps to resolve the conflict consistent with the General Principles and Ethical Standards of the Ethics Code. This Ethics Code applies to these activities across a variety of contexts, such as in person, postal, telephone, Internet, and other electronic transmissions. APA Ethical Principles for Psychologists and Code of Conduct also provides three hours of credit toward the continuing education Ethics requirement for Licensed Psychologists in Texas. They provide opportunity for the prospective participants to ask questions and receive answers. The Code became effective on June 1, 2003. 3.12 Interruption of Psychological Services IU��������. (a) Psychologists include in written and oral reports and consultations, only information germane to the purpose for which the communication is made. ), 9.07 Assessment by Unqualified Persons (See also Standard 2.04, Bases for Scientific and Professional Judgments.). ), 6.05 Barter with Clients/Patients American Psychologist, 36, 633-638. 4.04 Minimizing Intrusions on Privacy When interpreting assessment results, including automated interpretations, psychologists take into account the purpose of the assessment as well as the various test factors, test-taking abilities, and other characteristics of the person being assessed, such as situational, personal, linguistic, and cultural differences, that might affect psychologists' judgments or reduce the accuracy of their interpretations. 1.02 Conflicts Between Ethics and Law, Regulations, or Other Governing Legal Authority Revision of ethical standard 3.04 of the “Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct” (2002, as amended 2010). (c) Psychologists claim degrees as credentials for their health services only if those degrees (1) were earned from a regionally accredited educational institution or (2) were the basis for psychology licensure by the state in which they practice. If this Ethics Code establishes a higher standard of conduct than is required by law, psychologists must meet the higher ethical standard. ), 6.07 Referrals and Fees 3.01 Unfair Discrimination Psychologists may barter only if (1) it is not clinically contraindicated, and (2) the resulting arrangement is not exploitative. Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct With the 2010 Amendments (final wording) Introduction and Applicability In the process of making decisions regarding their professional behavior, psychologists must consider this Ethics Code in addition to … (a) The term test data refers to raw and scaled scores, client/patient responses to test questions or stimuli, and psychologists' notes and recordings concerning client/patient statements and behavior during an examination. In their professional actions, psychologists seek to safeguard the welfare and rights of those with whom they interact professionally and other affected persons, and the welfare of animal subjects of research. (b) Psychologists disclose confidential information without the consent of the individual only as mandated by law, or where permitted by law for a valid purpose such as to (1) provide needed professional services; (2) obtain appropriate professional consultations; (3) protect the client/patient, psychologist, or others from harm; or (4) obtain payment for services from a client/patient, in which instance disclosure is limited to the minimum that is necessary to achieve the purpose. Whether a psychologist has violated the Ethics Code standards does not by itself determine whether the psychologist is legally liable in a court action, whether a contract is enforceable, or whether other legal consequences occur. Psychologists respect the dignity and worth of all people, and the rights of individuals to privacy, confidentiality, and self-determination. Its code of conduct is the Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (hereinafter referred to as the Code). 1.03 Conflicts Between Ethics and Organizational Demands When psychologists provide public advice or comment via print, Internet, or other electronic transmission, they take precautions to ensure that statements (1) are based on their professional knowledge, training, or experience in accord with appropriate psychological literature and practice; (2) are otherwise consistent with this Ethics Code; and (3) do not indicate that a professional relationship has been established with the recipient. (b) Psychologists do not compensate employees of press, radio, television, or other communication media in return for publicity in a news item. 1.01 Misuse of Psychologists' Work American Psychologist, 71, 900. (See also Standards 8.02, Informed Consent to Research; 9.03, Informed Consent in Assessments; and 10.01, Informed Consent to Therapy.). Psychologists do not engage in sexual relationships with students or supervisees who are in their department, agency, or training center or over whom psychologists have or are likely to have evaluative authority. Actions that violate the standards of the Ethics Code may also lead to the imposition of sanctions on psychologists or students whether or not they are APA members by bodies other than APA, including state psychological associations, other professional groups, psychology boards, other state or federal agencies, and payors for health services. APA may impose sanctions on its members for violations of the standards of the Ethics Code, including termination of APA membership, and may notify other bodies and individuals of its actions. American Psychologist, 57, 1060-1073. (See also Standard 4.05, Disclosures. (b) If psychologists will be precluded by law or by organizational roles from providing such information to particular individuals or groups, they so inform those individuals or groups at the outset of the service. endstream endobj startxref American Psychological Association. 3.04 Avoiding Harm Psychologists do not engage in sexual intimacies with current therapy clients/patients. (a) Psychologists base the opinions contained in their recommendations, reports, and diagnostic or evaluative statements, including forensic testimony, on information and techniques sufficient to substantiate their findings. American Psychological Association. In their work-related activities, psychologists do not engage in unfair discrimination based on age, gender, gender identity, race, ethnicity, culture, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, socioeconomic status, or any basis proscribed by law. The 1992 revision, which is still current, consists of an introduction, a preamble, six general principles, and specific ethical standards. The Ethical Standards are not exhaustive. Psychologists refrain from taking on a professional role when personal, scientific, professional, legal, financial, or other interests or relationships could reasonably be expected to (1) impair their objectivity, competence, or effectiveness in performing their functions as psychologists or (2) expose the person or organization with whom the professional relationship exists to harm or exploitation. ), 4.06 Consultations Psychologists are advised to ensure their versions are current. ), 1.05 Reporting Ethical Violations Psychologists do not engage in sexual harassment. (a) Psychologists take reasonable steps to ensure that course syllabi are accurate regarding the subject matter to be covered, bases for evaluating progress, and the nature of course experiences. If psychologists’ ethical responsibilities conflict with law, regulations, or other governing legal authority, psychologists clarify the nature of the conflict, make known their commitment to the Ethics Code, and take reasonable steps to resolve the conflict consistent with the General Principles and Ethical Standards of the Ethics Code. Consider whether this study could be conducted today under current ethical standards and why or why not. (a) Psychologists terminate therapy when it becomes reasonably clear that the client/patient no longer needs the service, is not likely to benefit, or is being harmed by continued service. Psychologists create, and to the extent the records are under their control, maintain, disseminate, store, retain, and dispose of records and data relating to their professional and scientific work in order to (1) facilitate provision of services later by them or by other professionals, (2) allow for replication of research design and analyses, (3) meet institutional requirements, (4) ensure accuracy of billing and payments, and (5) ensure compliance with law. (b) Psychologists do not participate in, facilitate, assist, or otherwise engage in torture, defined as any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person, or in any other cruel, inhuman, or degrading behavior that violates 3.04(a). (a) As early as is feasible in a professional or scientific relationship, psychologists and recipients of psychological services reach an agreement specifying compensation and billing arrangements. Before recording the voices or images of individuals to whom they provide services, psychologists obtain permission from all such persons or their legal representatives. Psychologists who engage in such activity after the two years following cessation or termination of therapy and of having no sexual contact with the former client/patient bear the burden of demonstrating that there has been no exploitation, in light of all relevant factors, including (1) the amount of time that has passed since therapy terminated; (2) the nature, duration, and intensity of the therapy; (3) the circumstances of termination; (4) the client's/patient's personal history; (5) the client's/patient's current mental status; (6) the likelihood of adverse impact on the client/patient; and (7) any statements or actions made by the therapist during the course of therapy suggesting or inviting the possibility of a posttermination sexual or romantic relationship with the client/patient. H$ IF Qe������b``$���8�@� KJ 1 3.03 Other Harassment This standard does not apply when an intervention would violate confidentiality rights or when psychologists have been retained to review the work of another psychologist whose professional conduct is in question. 8.05 Dispensing with Informed Consent for Research (e) Psychologists use a procedure subjecting animals to pain, stress, or privation only when an alternative procedure is unavailable and the goal is justified by its prospective scientific, educational, or applied value. Psychologists may not withhold records under their control that are requested and needed for a client's/patient's emergency treatment solely because payment has not been received. (See also Standard 3.09, Cooperation with Other Professionals. (b) Psychologists may terminate therapy when threatened or otherwise endangered by the client/patient or another person with whom the client/patient has a relationship. (c) When psychological services are court ordered or otherwise mandated, psychologists inform the individual of the nature of the anticipated services, including whether the services are court ordered or mandated and any limits of confidentiality, before proceeding. Failure to cooperate is itself an ethics violation. The Preamble and (c) Psychologists explain any deception that is an integral feature of the design and conduct of an experiment to participants as early as is feasible, preferably at the conclusion of their participation, but no later than at the conclusion of the data collection, and permit participants to withdraw their data. (a) Psychologists do not engage in sexual intimacies with former clients/patients for at least two years after cessation or termination of therapy. (See also Standard 2.01b and c, Boundaries of Competence.). When institutional approval is required, psychologists provide accurate information about their research proposals and obtain approval prior to conducting the research. Ethical principles of psycholo-gists and code of conduct. Council amended the Ethics Code in 2010 and 2017. 3.07 Third-Party Requests for Services (a) Psychologists refrain from initiating an activity when they know or should know that there is a substantial likelihood that their personal problems will prevent them from performing their work-related activities in a competent manner. 2.02 Providing Services in Emergencies 8.13 Duplicate Publication of Data http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.html, Section 5: Advertising and Other Public Statements, Amendments to the 2002 “Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct” in 2010 and 2016, Advancing psychology to benefit society and improve lives. , Bases for scientific and professional conduct teaching, and ( 2 the! 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