Japanese mountain mole. Currently, this species is classified as Near Threatened (NT) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are decreasing. Scats of the Tsushima marten (n=1236), the Siberian weasel (n=218) and the Tsushima leopard cat (n=350) were collected monthly and the food items were determined by scat contents analysis.Marten was omnivorous showing a high level of diversity of food throughout the year. These animals breed from early May to late June. Both males and females become reproductively mature at one year of age. Females in this species are smaller than males. Japanese hare. Long-tailed weasels are generally found in places which have a sizable rodent population and proximity to water. When an itachi changes its shape, it usually adopts the form of a young priest boy dressed in clothes that are too big for him. Both female and male Japanese marten are territorial, and the extent of each individual's territory depends on the availability of food. Japanese squirrel. Itachi calls are also considered to be ill omens. It is native to Japan where it occurs on the islands of Honshū, Kyūshū and Shikoku. The Japanese weasel (Mustela itatsi) is a carnivorous mammal belonging to the genus Mustela in the family Mustelidae.The closest phylogenetically Mustela species is the Siberian weasel (Mustela sibirica).Its taxonomic species name, itatsi, is a corruption of the Japanese word for weasel, itachi (イタチ). Habitat Japanese Weasels can be found in Japan and Sakhalin Island, Russia. The animal avoids very dense forests and deserts. Japanese weasels are skilfull hunters and will chase down their prey by any means. Japanese sea lion. 2. The IUCN Red List and other sources do not provide the Japanese weasel total population size. Japanese water shrew. When an itachi is seen standing on its hind legs it is said to be bewitching a human—perhaps hypnotizing them into leaving out food or performing some other task for the weasel’s benefit. This species will use conifer plantations and open fields (Tatara and Doi 1994). The short-tailed weasel (Mustela erminea) is the second smallest member of the weasel family. La Touche's free-tailed bat. One of the first recorded mentions of the kamaitachi is in the Sōzan Chomon Kishū (想山著聞奇集), in the Edo Era. They typically live in mountainous or forested areas near water. Appearance: Like birds and spiders, many other animals develop into yōkai when they reach a certain age. This is due to the need to feed both themselves and their offspring. They are found in tropical and temperate habitats in Central and North America. They can also be found in grasslands, villages, and suburbs, but try to avoid big cities. These are frequently blamed for starting conflagrations which can burn down entire towns. After the yelping cries of a group of itachi are heard, misfortune and despair always follows. However, species like the Japanese weasel, the Colombian weasel, and the mountain weasel are becoming near threatened and vulnerable. Join yokai.com on Patreon to get new yokai every month! The Mustelidae (/ m ʌ ˈ s t ɛ l ɪ d iː /; from Latin mustela, weasel) are a family of carnivorous mammals, including weasels, badgers, otters, ferrets, martens, minks, and wolverines, among others. Origin: In the old days, weasels were believed to transform into ten (martens) or mujina (badgers or tanuki, depending on the region) after reaching an old age. Other forms: Itachi are often considered to be the most skilled shape-changing animals, possessing more forms than any other shape-changer. Alternate names: often referred to as ten, the Japanese marten They are said to resemble weasels, with sharp, sickle like claws. The mother nurses her young within 8 weeks. Historically, skunks have also been included in Mustelidae, but genetic analyses suggest that they belong to a separate family of their own There are hundreds of them, many harmless, many tragic, and more than a few just mischievous. Their nests and burrows are in rock piles, hollow logs and under barns. Translation: weasel Alternate names: often referred to as ten, the Japanese marten Habitat: found all across Japan, particularly in mountainous areas Diet: carnivorous; feeds on small wild animals. (2002) Food habits of introduced Japanese weasels (Mustela itatsi) and impacts on native species of Zamami Island. Distribution of the Weasel Weasels are found almost worldwide but especially in Europe, North Africa, Asia, and North America. Japanese weasels are found in a wide variety of Japanese ecosystems, but primarily mountainous and forested areas near moving water. Habitat. Habitat. As a result, they are mistrusted and disliked. The Japanese are very much into their spirits. Due to their carnivorous diet, Japanese weasels help control populations of rodents and other small animals. Yakushima - Wikipedia According to Meisan Shojiki Ōrai (名産諸色往来) published in 1760, the meat of wild dog was sold along with boar, deer, fox, wolf, bear, raccoon dog, otter, weasel and cat in some regions of Edo. Japanese weasels are active during the day and night. The native Japanese weasel is found nationwide, while the closely related Siberian weasel has been introduced, and is now found throughout western Japan. Japanese weasels are carnivores. Mammal Sci. Japanese weasels are solitary and very territorial animals. Genus: Pinus Species: thunbergii. When cornered or very frightened, these animals produce a smelly secretion from an anal gland to scare away predators. Japanese martens are found along valleys, primarily in broad-leaved forests (dominated by Quercus serrata and Castanopsis cuspidata). They are found throughout much of the Northern Hemisphere, in many different habitats, from woodland and grassland to marshes and mountains. Mustelid, (family Mustelidae), any of about 55 species of ferrets, polecats, badgers, martens, otters, the wolverine, and other members of the weasel family. They will run down through the tunnels, climb trees, or even swim. Japanese raccoon dog. Large Japanese field mouse. Appearance: Like birds and spiders, many other animals develop into yōkai when they reach a certain age. The weasel is considered an invasive species in New Zealand. The Japanese weasel is endemic species occurring in three main islands (Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku) and several lesser small islands of Japan (reviewed by Masuda and Watanabe 2009).Ecological characteristics of Japanese weasels, food have been studied previously (Yukawa 1968; Otsu 1971; Asahi 1975; Higashi 1988; Fujii et al. Habitat: primarily the Japan Alps, but potentially anywhere that weasels are found Diet : carnivorous; feeds on small wild animals Appearance : The mountainous regions of Yamanashi, Nagano, and Niigata are known for a particularly meddlesome kind of itachi. According to its author Miyoshi Shōzan, kamaitachi like water, they live in puddles after the rain and can be encountered when crossing rivers or playing in puddles. Translation: weasel The Japanese Black Pine's habitat is the Northeast Asian Deciduous Forest. The critters are yokai that hang around the Koshin’etsu region for the most part. Japanese weasels are native to Japan where they occur on the islands of Honshū, Kyūshū, and Shikoku. Interactions: Itachi are tricksters and pranksters, but generally shy away from interaction with humans. The countries that are in this biome are Northeast China and North Korea. What to Pack: Japan can have freezing winters, depending on where you visit, which means winter staples like a heavy coat, a scarf, gloves, and hat, are all must-packs. Their diet includes mice, frogs, reptiles, insects and crayfish. These include: coniferous and mixed woodlands, scrub, alpine meadows, marshes, hedgerows, forest-edges, riverbanks, tundra, taiga (northern forests), forest-steppe and semi-desert. Species. Like the long- tailed weasel and its other relatives, the short-tailed weasel, also known as the ermine, is a predator. The short-tailed weasel occupies a wider variety of habitats than the long-tailed weasel, which includes wetlands, forests, and fields. It will use dens in trees and ground burrows (Nowak 1999). Do you want to see even more yokai? As a result, there is confusion over which animal is being referred to in many stories. Stoats have the long, slim, and flexible bodies that are typical of the weasel family. Major habitats are plains , but in western Japan it mainly lives in mountainous areas. They gather together at night, climb up onto each other’s shoulders, and create huge columns of fire which erupt into whirlwinds. These animals may also suffer from competition with the introduced Siberian weasel. They typically live in mountainous or forested areas near water. Weasels evolved in cold climates, and learned to use this to their advantage. Itachi are dangerous in groups. One of their favorites is the ōnyÅ«dō: a colossal, bald-headed giant who terrorizes villages, destroys houses, devours livestock and even eats people. They will aggressively defend their home range, especially dominant males. Weasels have a lifespan of up to 2 – 3 years in the wild, up to 10 years in captivity. Like most animals-turned-yōkai, they possess shape-shifting abilities in addition to a number of supernatural powers. They are found in areas with abundant water, and mark their territories through a pungent secretion from their anal scent glands. Japanese weasels, known as itachi, are disconcerting animals. Japanese mole. Japanese weasels (Mustela itatsi) may also be seen from time to time. They can also be found in grasslands, villages, and suburbs, but try to avoid big cities. Japanese red-backed vole. The scientific name of Japanese weasels means “to carry off mice.” When searching for mouse runways, these little animals will investigate holes and crannies in rocks, trees, and undergrowth. They bring ill omens, and people fear their particular brand of magic. Japanese weasels, known as itachi, are disconcerting animals. After this time they are fully weaned and independent. Birds. Sekiguchi et al. 100 of the Japan's Worst Invasive Alien Species Their short legs have five small-clawed toes on each foot. Japanese weasel. 1998; Kaneko et al. Habitat Weasels can live in different habitat, including lowlands, farmlands, woods, and hedges. In order to conserve mammalian top predators in human-dominated landscapes, large scale habitat requirements and food habits of the Japanese weasel (Mustela itatsi) were studied using 237 faecal samples, from a 901 km 2 area in the vicinity of Mito City, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan between 1999 and 2001. Its physical appearance include a reddish, brown upper fur coat with a white underbelly, which can be seen throughout most of its habitat. It lives in Honshu , Shikoku and Kyushu of Japan . Japanese serow. Weasels have long, slim bodies. Though itachi can transform, they prefer to use other kinds of magic—usually with unfortunate results for their targets. The least weasel is the world’s smallest carnivorous animal. Additionally, the names ten and itachi were often used interchangeably. Japanese weasels are small carnivorous mammals native to Japan. The native population of the Japanese weasel disappears from lowlands in the western part of Japan. Their fur is orange-brown with darker markings on the head. Japanese weasels are polygynous which means that one males mates with more than one female during the breeding season. Japanese Black Pine. They live in dens in hollow logs and tree stumps and make their hole cozy with soft feathers or grasses. Most hunting is done along rivers, but these weasels occasionally venture into grasslands or suburban areas. itachi) nine forms. Do you like this site? This is a green pheasant, a bird found only in Japan. Their habitats range from small wooded areas to crop fields to suburban areas but do not include thick dense forests or deserts. My books are available from Amazon.com in paperback and Kindle formats. Japanese shrew mole. 2009a), it is known that the weasels use … Food habits of three sympatric carnivore mammals in the Tsushima islands of Japan were studied during 1986–91. Accounts of their attacks vary; some claim that they attack in trios, while others claim the monsters work alone. This photo shows a Siberian weasel at a house in Nara Prefecture. The weasel, also known as the least weasel, has several subspecies, including the Japanese weasel, Amazon weasel, European mink, Steppe polecat, Malayan weasel, and Siberian weasel. The Japanese weasel (Mustela Itatsi) is a carnivorous mammal belonging to the family Mustelidae. Japanese marten. Japanese weasels are native to Japan where they occur on the islands of HonshÅ«, KyÅ«shÅ«, and Shikoku. Kobe mole. The last day of the year is called "Omisoka," and "Oshogatsu" is the Japanese New Year. They dig little underground caches near their den entrances and keep them stocked with leftovers. Well my friend, you have just run afoul of the kamaitachi, or the sickle weasel. * Where to find them: Originally distributed in woods, farmland, brushy areas and mountainous regions from Honshu to Kyushu, Japanese weasels can also be found in Hokkaido now. An old phrase about animal yōkai goes, “Kitsune nanabake, tanuki hachibake, ten kubake”—foxes seven forms, tanuki eight forms, martens (i.e. There is variation between males and females in the way they select their nests as females require habitats with higher quality food than males. Their faces are pointed, with small eyes and ears. The main threat is habitat loss due to residential and commercial development. Found in a range of habitats, the weasel favours good cover and plentiful prey, including woodland, grassland, sand dunes, mountains, urban areas, marshes and moors. Diet: carnivorous; feeds on small wild animals. 42(2), 153-160 (in Jpn) etc. The fur on the throat is usually white in color. Habitat of the Weasel Because of their wide diet range, weasels live in a variety of habitats, including woodlands, hedgerows, long grass, and walls. It is located between 30° to about 45° North latitude and … They use their sensitive nose and ears to locate prey. This form is used chiefly to acquire alcohol, which the weasels cannot brew. The Japanese marten (Martes melampus) is a mammal in the marten genus most closely related to the sable.It is 0.5 m (1.5 ft) in length typically, not counting a 20-cm-long tail (7.9 in), and between 1,000 and 1,500 grams (2.2 and 3.3 lb) in weight. The stoat is a small mammal closely related to weasels. the online database of Japanese ghosts and monsters. The stoat can be found at altitudes of up to 4,050 m (13,300 ft.). Japanese Weasel on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_weasel, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/41656/45214163. 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